The Hukou waterfall on the Yellow River in Linfen, China

Tourists visit the Hukou waterfall on the Yellow River in Linfen, China.

The Hukou Waterfall, the largest waterfall on the Yellow River, China, the second largest waterfall in China (after the Huangguoshu Waterfall), is located at the intersection of Shanxi Province and Shaanxi Province, 165 km (103 mi) to the west of Fenxi City, and 50 km (31 mi) to the east of Yichuan. The Hukou Waterfall exists where water in the middle reaches of the Yellow River flows through Jinxia Grand Canyon. The width of the waterfall changes with the season, usually 30 metres (98 ft) wide but increasing to 50 m (164 ft) during flood season. It has a height of over 20 m (66 ft). When the Yellow River approaches the Hukou Mountain, blocked by mountains on both sides, its width is abruptly narrowed down to 20 m (66 ft) – 30 m (98 ft). The water’s velocity increases, and then plunges over a narrow opening on a cliff, forming a waterfall 15 m (49 ft) high and 20 m (66 ft) wide, as if water were pouring down from a huge teapot. Hence it gets the name Hukou (literally, “flask mouth”) Waterfall.
Just below the waterfall, there is a shining stone called guishi. What makes the stone mysterious is that it moves up and down according to the water level. No matter how large the water volume, it is still at least partly visible. In the middle of the river, about 3,000 m (9,843 ft) from the Hukou Waterfall, an enormous rock catches the attention of visitors. When the Yellow River flows to this point, divides into two, rolling and roaring on and on from both sides of the rock before reconverging.
Beneath the waterfall is the Qilangwo Bridge which connects the two provinces of Shanxi and Shaanxi. In the sunshine, the mist is refracted by sunlight to create a rainbow spanning the water like a colorful bridge. In 1991, Hukou Waterfall was named one of the “40 Best” national scenic spots. Due to its awkward location in the Loess Plateau hinterlands, Hukou was once very difficult to access. After the local government improved transport and tourist facilities, the number of tourists rose from 20,000 in 1994 to 47,000 in 1995. The figure for 1996 reached 100,000 tourists.

Sturgis motorcycle rally

Touring bikers participate in the annual Sturgis Motorcycle Rally in Custer State Park, South Dakota .Custer State Park is a popular destination for bikers during the rally and is the most heavily trafficked time at the park in the southern Black Hills. This year marks the 75th anniversary of the rally expected to draw hundreds of thousands of motorcycle enthusiasts from around the world for events throughout the week-long festival, according to organizers.

Thirty 30 crore people still live in extreme poverty in India : UN report

About 30 crore people still live in extreme poverty in India even as the Millennium Development Goal (MGD) programme will expire in December, a United Nations report has said.

“Still nearly 300 million people live in extreme poverty in India and face deprivation in terms of access to basic services, including education, health, water, sanitation and electricity,” the report – India and the MGDs: Completing the Task – said.

India, which has a population of over 125 crore, adopted the United Nation’s MGD in 2000 with an aim to free millions from extreme poverty and hunger, illiteracy, poor health.

Tourists onboard the U.S. aircraft carrier USS Midway

Tourists onboard the U.S. aircraft carrier USS Midway outside North Island’s Naval Airbase in San Diego, California. The carrier, which fired the first volley on Iraq in 1990-91’s Desert Storm to liberate Kuwait, has been turned into a museum.

An overcrowded dinghy with Syrian and Afghan refugees

Two migrants pull an overcrowded dinghy with Syrian and Afghan refugees arriving from the Turkish coasts to the Greek island of Lesbos.

Depression the silent killer

The number of people with mental health issues or depression is increasing due to urbanization, marital or relationship problems, and not being able to keep up with rapid progress. 
A mother said that her daughter suffers from severe depression because of her marital relationship. “Lack of understanding and an egotistical attitude spoilt her relationship and caused a lot of other damage that led her to depression. She kept aloof from her husband. That led to divorce and deteriorated her mental health,” she said, adding, “we had problems in our married life but we never took it personally; in fact we were brave enough to fight our problems. But these days the younger generation gives up easily and are incapable of handling tough situations.”
According to mental health experts, couples facing depression should determine its cause and keep avenues of communication open; if necessary they should get professional help.
The reason for an increase in the number of people suffering from depression or anxiety disorder is because of everyday stress and lack of sleep.
Many complain of physical problems like headaches, dizziness and stomach pain instead of a low mood. Several doctors suggested that early detection can help patients lead a normal and healthy life. If ignored, mental illness could destroy their life since they find every situation difficult, causing a major decline in work productivity, social relationships and their quality of life. 
Soumayya R, a 27-year-old, shared her mental health experience and said: “I started isolating myself from social gatherings and ignoring my family members after my engagement was called off. I didn’t realize what was happening to me and saw myself getting into a dark dungeon where I was all alone and wasted so many of my days drowning in depression.”
“Although there is great social stigma against mental disorders and seeking help from a psychologist is a barrier, it is important that one openly admits the problem and pursues help,” she added.
According to the World Health Organization, mental health issues could be a major cause of death and disability by 2020. A new study found that the Middle East, including Saudi Arabia has a very high rate of major depression compared with the rest of the world, almost 7 percent.
Dr. Alia, a psychiatrist at a private hospital, said: “Depression or mental illness affects both personal and professional lives. Not only adults, but children also face this major problem due to stress or overthinking. It’s like a silent and invisible killer.”
“It is considered important that a person suffering from depression or anxiety disorder addresses it. Moreover, spreading awareness on breaking this social stigma, and promoting counseling or therapy sessions will help deal with the issues,” she added.

Iran Nuclear Deal – Iran celebrates nuclear deal

The Iran nuclear deal framework was a preliminary framework agreement reached between the Islamic Republic of Iran and a group of world powers: the P5+1 (the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council–the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, France, and China) plus Germany), plus the European Union. 
According to the joint statement in Switzerland, the E3+3 countries and Iran agreed on a framework for a deal. According to this framework, Iran would redesign, convert, and reduce its nuclear facilities and accept the Additional Protocol (with provisional application) in order to lift all nuclear-related economical sanctions. In addition to the joint statement, the United States and Iran issued fact sheets of their own. 
 In addition to the final statement, both the United States and Iran have made public more detailed descriptions of their agreement. Officials of both sides acknowledged that they have different narratives on this draft.  The U.S. government has published a fact sheet summarizing the main points of the deal.  Shortly after it was published, top Iranian officials, including the Iranian supreme leader and the Iranian minister of defense have disputed the document on key points which remain unresolved.
 According to details of the deal published by the US government, Iran has accepted to not build any new facilities for the aim of enrichment and reduce its current stockpile to 300 kg of 3.67 percent low-enriched uranium during 15 years and limit the enriched uranium to 3.67 percent for at least this duration, restrict to 6,104 installed centrifuges under the deal, with only 5,060 of these enriching uranium for 10 years. This amount of enrichment – namely 3.67% – would be enough just for peaceful and civil use to power parts of country and therefore is not sufficient for building a nuclear bomb.
 According to Press TV, the implementation of JCPOA followed by lifting of all the UN Security Council sanctions as well as all economic and financial embargoes by the US and the European Union imposed on Iran’s banks, insurance, investment, and all other related services in different fields, including petrochemical, oil, gas and automobile industries will be immediately lifted all at once.[16] However, according to the fact sheet which is published by the US government, U.S. and E.U. nuclear-related sanctions will be suspended after the IAEA has verified the implementation of the key nuclear-related steps by Iran.
 Iran will be required to provide the International Atomic Energy Agency access to all of its declared facilities so that the agency can ensure about peaceful nuclear program.[15] According to published details of the deal which is published by the U.S. government, IAEA inspectors would have access to all of the nuclear facilities including enrichment facilities, the supply chain that supports the nuclear program and uranium mines as well as continuous surveillance at uranium mills, centrifuge rotors and bellows production and storage facilities. Iran will be required to grant access to the IAEA to investigate suspicious sites or allegations of a covert enrichment facility, conversion facility, centrifuge production facility, or yellowcake production facility anywhere in the country. Iran will implement an agreed set of measures to address the IAEA’s concerns regarding the Possible Military Dimensions (PMD) of its program.

Bastille Day

The French National Day commemorates the Storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, which was the culmination in Paris of a violent revolution that had begun two days earlier, as well as the Fête de la Fédération which celebrated the unity of the French people on 14 July 1790. Celebrations are held throughout France. The oldest and largest regular military parade in Europe is held on the morning of 14 July, on the Champs-Élysées in Paris in front of the President of the Republic, along with other French officials and foreign guests.
On 19 May 1789, Louis XVI convened the Estates-General to hear their grievances. The deputies of the Third Estate, representing the common people (the two others were the (Catholic) clergy and the nobility), decided to break away and form a National Assembly [the Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath, swearing not to separate until a constitution had been established]. They were gradually joined by delegates of the other estates; Louis XVI started to recognize their validity on 27 June. The assembly renamed itself the National Constituent Assembly on 9 July, and began to function as a legislature and to draft a constitution.
On 30 June 1878, a feast had been arranged in Paris by official decision to honour the French Republic (the event was commemorated in a painting by Claude Monet). On 14 July 1879, another feast took place, with a semi-official aspect; the events of the day included a reception in the Chamber of Deputies, organised and presided over by Léon Gambetta, a military review in Longchamp, and a Republican Feast in the Pré Catelan. All through France, Le Figaro wrote, “people feasted much to honour the storming of the Bastille”.